Get your guide to know about the details to celebrate Dashain Festival in Asia. Holy Dashain festival held in the month of Kartik (late September and early October). It is one of the biggest festivals that celebrate Hindu people in Nepal. Bijaya Dashami is equally popular as a Dashain festival, is the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar, celebrates all caste and people.
The fifteen days of celebration occurs during the bright lunar fortnight ending on the day of the full moon. Throughout the kingdom of Nepal, the goddess Durga in all her manifestations are worship with innumerable pujas, abundant offerings and thousands of animal sacrifices for the ritual holy bathing, thus drenching the goddess for days in blood.
Festival Dussehra commemorates a great victory of the gods over the wick demons. One of the victory stories told is the Ramayan, where the lord Ram after a big struggle slaughter Ravana, the fiendish king of demons. It is said that Lord Ram was successful in the battle only when the goddess Durga was evoked.
How Hindu celebrate Dashain Festival in Asia?
The main celebration glorifies the triumph of good over evil and is represents goddess Durga slaying the terrible demon Mahisasur, who terrorize the earth in the guise of a brutal water buffalo.
Furthermore, the first nine days signify the nine days of ferrous battle between goddess Durga and the demon Mahisasur. The tenth day is the day when Mahisasur was slain and the last five days symbolize the celebration of the victory with the blessing of the goddess. Dashain festival celebrates with great rejoice, and goddess Durga is worship throughout the kingdom as the divine mother goddess.
In preparation for Dashain, every home is clean and paint beautifully decorates to invite to the mother goddess, so that she may visit and bless the house with good fortune. During this time the reunion of distant and relatives occurs in every household.
The market are busy with shoppers seeking new clothing, gifts, luxuries and enormous supplies of temple offering for the gods, as well as foodstuffs for the family feasting.
Power of goddess Durga and her whorshipp
Thousands of sheep, goats, ducks, chicken and water buffalo prepare for the great slaughter. Government organizations and some of the private companies are close for 10 – 15 days. Laborers are almost impossible to find; from the poor to the rich, all enjoy the festive mood. Anywhere you go the aroma of ‘Vijaya Dashami’ is found. The ninth day of Dashain recognizes as a Nawa Ratri when tantric rites conduct. In Nepal, the life force embodies in the divine energy and power of the female depicts as goddess Durga in her many forms.
All goddess who emanates from goddess Durga are known as devis, each with different aspects and powers. In most mother goddess temples the deity simply represents as a holy Kalash, carve water jug or multiple hands goddesses holding murderous weapons. In those nine days, people pay their homage to the goddess. If she properly worships and pleases good fortunes are on the way and if anger through neglect then misfortunes are around the corner. A mother goddess is the source of life and everything.
The first day of Dashain is call Ghatasthapana, which literally means pot establishing. On this day the Kalash, (holy water vessel) symbolizing goddess Durga often with her image embossing on the side is place in the prayer room.
Set up Kalash and worship with houseman
The Kalash fill with holy water and cover with cow dung on to which seeds are sown. A small rectangular sand block is made and the Kalash is put in the center. There are sand around the bed, seeded with grains. The ghatasthapana ritual performs at a certain auspicious moment from the astrologers determine. At that particular moment, the priest intones a welcome, requesting goddess Durga to bless the vessel with her presence.
Dashain Ghar where the Kalash is set up is restricted for a family member to go in. Generally, women are not allowed to enter the room where Dashain puja is carrying out. A priest or a household man worships the kalash every day once in the morning and then in the evening. The Kalash and the sand are sprinkle with holy water every day and it is a shield from direct sunlight. On the tenth day, the seed will have grown to five or six inches long yellow grass.
The holy yellow grass mark ‘Jamara’. It is bestowed from the elders atop the heads of those younger to them during the last five days when tika is put on. The jamara takes as a token of Goddess Durga as well as the elders blessing. The regular rituals observe until the seventh day. The seventh day mark ‘Fulpati’.
In fulpati, the royal Kalash fill with holy water, banana stalks, jamara, and sugar cane tie with a red cloth carries from Brahmans in a decorates palanquin under a gold-tipp and embroider umbrella. The government officials also join the fulpati parade. With this, the Dashain feasting starts.
Maha Asthami and how Nepali people celebrate this festival together in the family?
The eighth day mark the Maha Ashtami. The fervor of worship and sacrifice to Durga and Kali increases. On this day many orthodox Hindus will be fasting. Sacrifices are held in almost every house throughout the day. The night of the eighth day is ‘Kal Ratri’, the dark night. Hundreds of goats, sheep, and buffaloes sacrifice at the mother goddess temples. The sacrifice continues till dawn. While the puja is carrying out great feasts are held in the homes of common people where a large amount of meat consumes.
What to do in ninth day in Nawami?
On 9th day, Temples of mother goddess fill with people from dawn till dusk. Animals mostly black buffaloes slaughter to honor Durga the goddess of victory and might and to seek her blessing. Military bands play war tunes, guns boom and officers with beautifully decorates medals in full uniform stand there. When the function ends the courtyard is fill ankle deep with blood.
On this very day the god Vishwa Karma, the God of creation also worships. All factories, vehicles, any machinery instruments and anything from which we make a living are worship. We also give sacrifices to all moving machinery like cars, airplanes, trucks etc. to get the blessing from goddess Durga for protection for vehicles and their occupants against accidents during the year. The entire day is colorful.
How is Vijaya Dashami festival celebrates?
The tenth day is the Vijaya Dashami. On this day we take tika and jamara from our elders and receive their blessing. We visit our elders in their homes and get tika from them while our younger ones come to our home to receive blessings from us. The importance of Dasain also lies in the fact that on this day family members from far off and distant relatives come for a visit to take tika. The head of the family member offers tika to everyone. This function continues for four days up to Purnima.
4 days of rushing around and meeting your relatives, Dashain ends on the full moon day, the fifteenth day. In the last day people stay at home and rest. The full moon day – ‘Kojagrata’ meaning ‘who is awake’. The Hindu goddess of wealth Laxmi is worship. Furthermore, On this day the goddess Laxmi is given an invitation to visit each and everyone.
After the Dashain festival, everyone settles back to normal. After receiving the blessing of the goddess Durga, people are ready to work and acquire virtue, power and wealth. Magical Dashain festival thus is not only the longest festival but also a most anticipates one among all the festivals in Nepal. (Text and photo source from Google search). Follow my blog with Bloglovin